Bibliography: Government Conspiracy (page 2 of 2)

Wallace, Mike (1995). An Unseen Hand: The Mass Media and Education Policy. This paper examines the role of mass media in the British education policy process, in particular, how the mass media steer education policy and inhibit certain issues from becoming the subject of policy. The paper describes how media professionals comprise an interest group competing with others to affect education policy; how they and other interest groups interact within the policy process; and how the discourse of media output supports the struggle between political ideologies. In particular, the conservative bias of the media inhibits the search for radical alternatives to the present range of education policies. The discussion is supplemented with findings from ongoing exploratory research funded by the Leverhulme Trust. Data were gathered from interviews with media professionals and representatives of other groups concerned with educational policy and the media, content analysis of media outputs during 1994, and a case study of a recent progressive debate in Great Britain. A conclusion is that although media professionals enjoy a considerable degree of autonomy, they are constrained by dependence on other interest groups and institutions. Media output and its underlying conservative ideology are shaped by editorial policy reflecting the media ownership by a small number of multinational conglomerates, by the state-imposed legal framework, by journalistic norms for relatively pleasant new stories, and by the need to entertain a mass audience in order to secure income. There is little evidence to support a conspiracy theory among media professionals, government officials, or business leaders to tightly control the education debate and policy. Rather, the relationship itself–of relative autonomy among the media, education, the state, and the economy–appears to be the unseen hand that guides interaction among interest groups, resulting in a media contribution that is critical within limits, but also fundamentally conservative. Two figures are included. Contains 14 references.   [More]  Descriptors: Agenda Setting, Economic Impact, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education

Drake, Florence; Alford, Thomas Wildcat (1979). Civilization and the Story of the Absentee Shawnees. Civilization of the American Indian Series. Thomas Wildcat Alford, born of parents of the Absentee Shawnee tribe of Indians in 1860, relates the story of his life and of his tribe during the period from which the influence of the white race first began to be felt, up to when the so-called civilization of the white man superceded almost to annihilation the old tribal mode of life. The book is a revealing human document, for the narrator knew only an Indian childhood, but through his education at a Quaker school and attendance at Hampton Institute became a white man in all, but blood. Although happy memories may have idealized somewhat the Indian society of his early years, his descriptions of procedures and customs are accurate – from his explanation of social and community institutions and living techniques to his mother's cooking recipes. At Hampton he became wholly committed to white society and the opportunity of bringing these advantages back to his people. But once back in Oklahoma he experienced heartbreaking rejection. Working with the local Indian Service, as a teacher and at the agency, not once did he question the official policy of merging the Indians into a composite American citizenship. He even approved the liquidation of tribes and tribal land holdings under the Dawes Act of 1887. Finally, when a criminal conspiracy to cheat the Indians out of their allotments was discovered, Alford did actively defend his people and regarded his contribution to the victory as "one of the proudest achievements" of his life. Descriptors: Acculturation, American History, American Indian Culture, American Indian Education

Bennis, Warren (1976). The Unconscious Conspiracy: Why Leaders Can't Lead. The author speaks from experience as president, since 1971, of the University of Cincinnati, the nation's second largest urban university; two previous administrative positions at the State University of New York at Buffalo; and the specialized field of the organizational development of large management systems. Eleven chapters, nine published previously as separate articles or speeches, address why leaders can't lead and suggest concrete, practical courses of action that those in authority can take to help solve the typical problems they encounter. Many of the examples pertain to the organizational structure of large, urban universities; however, business and especially the federal government are also included. Names and circumstances of the social revolution inflamed by the Vietnam war, Watergate, racial confrontations, and the recent push for equal rights for women are among the many issues discussed. The leader's function is defined as creating for his institution clear-cut and measurable goals based on advice from all elements of the community. This is viewed as possible only with the creation of an executive constellation of experts that distinguish between leadership and management and protect the leader from getting enmeshed in routine machinery. Descriptors: Administration, Adults, Bureaucracy, Change Strategies

Sher, Jonathan (1994). Creating a Conspiracy in Favour of Rural Communities. Conference Keynote Address. This keynote address suggests that the rural sector of Australia is, and will remain, absolutely essential to the well-being of the entire nation. There are misconceptions that the rural economy is no longer important to the nation as a whole and that rural people and communities are marginal to society. Australia's entire economy is heavily dependent upon foreign earnings, and rural Australia is the primary source from which these economic blessings flow. While only 15 percent of Australia's people live in rural areas, approximately 67 percent of Australia's foreign earnings are attributable to rural places, people, and resources. And yet, this disproportionately large, rural contribution to the nation's wealth and well-being appears to go largely unnoticed by the average politician. Adding injury to insult, rural people and communities are the last and least to benefit from rural development. Rural-oriented professionals should commit themselves to promote empowerment and well-being of rural people, both as individuals and as communities. Rural decline and exploitation are matters resting in personal choices and in collective choices as societies. A fundamental stage of rural development is the creation of alliances within and across rural communities, between rural communities and governments, between the public and private sectors, and across the urban-rural divide. Particularly important are alliances among rural professionals and between rural professionals and rural people. This conference can serve as a starting point for building such alliances.    [More]  Descriptors: Change Agents, Cooperative Planning, Economic Development, Foreign Countries

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