Bibliography: Globalization (page 211 of 215)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the DeepState.xyz website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Wayne Lamble, Allan C. Lauzon, Michael P. Hamnett, Hermann Meyn, Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Phyllis Cunningham, Michael Peter Smith, Craig B. Howley, Nan E. Johnson, and Richard W. Brislin.

Committee for Economic Development (1998). America's Basic Research: Prosperity Through Discovery. A Policy Statement by the Research and Policy Committee of the Committee for Economic Development. This policy statement looks at America's basic research enterprise and lays out the processes and systematic reforms needed to meet emerging risks to the outcomes from investments in basic research. The Committee for Economic Development (CED) undertook this project in the belief that significant progress with many of society's problems and new discoveries will primarily depend upon fundamental scientific insights derived from basic research. Fourteen recommendations include: (1) Policymakers in Congress and the Administration should set broad national priorities for basic research that reflect the needs of society at large; (2) Federal support for basic research should continue to be diverse in its sources and objectives; (3) Within broad priorities established by policymakers, the primary mechanisms for allocating federal basic research funds in all agencies and to all institutions should be based on scientific merit determined through peer review; (4) Basic research should be a high priority in the federal budget in the decades to come; (5) Leadership and productivity of the nation's research universities should continue to guide other institutions receiving federal support; (6) Mechanisms should be devised to allow researchers to compete for longer-term funding, and administrative burdens from granting agencies should be reduced; (7) Development of simplified system for determining indirect costs; (8) Clear definition of the missions of the Department of Energy's national laboratories and realignment of missions and functions; (9) Government should not be in the business of directly funding the development and commercialization of technologies; (10) The federal government should continue to play a major role in funding large-scale infrastructure projects that are used extensively by many; (11) Raising of academic achievement in math and science in grades K-12 through adoption of nationals, policies to increase teacher knowledge and skills, and upgrades in classroom curricula, facilities, and teaching materials; (12) Higher prioritization of graduate training and increased federal funding of scholarships and training grants; (13) Industry-university relations and university patenting and licensing should be directed towards maximizing benefits for society at large; and (14) Expansion of U.S. efforts to benefit from international collaboration and the globalization of basic research. Two appendixes are included: (1) Overview of Resources for Basic Research; and (2) University Patenting Guidelines.   [More]  Descriptors: Economic Development, Economic Progress, Technology Transfer, Research

Cunningham, Phyllis, Ed.; And Others (1996). Constitutive Interplay midst Discourse of East and West: Modernity & Postmodernity Renderings in Adult & Continuing Education. Proceedings of the International Adult & Continuing Education Conference (Seoul, Korea, May 27-28, 1996). This document contains 17 papers, organized in three sections, presented at a conference on Eastern and Western adult and continuing education. The following papers are included in Section I, "Ideas and Tasks of Adult Education: Views of East and West": "Imagineries of 'East and West': Slippery Curricular Signifiers in Education" (Ted T. Aoki); "'Learning Perspective' in the Asian Viewpoint" (Kim Shinil); and "Learning to Learn: Western Perspectives" (Gene Roth). The second section, "Constructing Ideas and Tasks of Adult Education: Modernity and Postmodernity Perspectives," contains the following five papers: "Traditional Modernity, Postmodernity, and Communicative Modernity: Related Issues in Constructing Roles and Learning Tasks of Adult Education" (Ramon Flecha);"Conceptualizing Our Work as Adult Educators in a Socially Responsible Way" (Phyllis Cunningham); "Modernity and Postmodernity Related Issues in Developing Ideas and Tasks of Adult Education in Korean Context" (Kyung Hi Kim); "The Post-Modern Condition: Reformulating Adult Education Pedagogy" (Mark Tennant); and "West in East and Vice Versa, or Globalization in Adult Education" (Ki Su Kim). The final section, "Adult Education Programs and Practice: The Case Studies Approach," includes these nine papers: "Center of Research for Education of Adults (CREA): Some Crucial Issues" (Ramon Flecha); "Ideological Space Makers: The Needs in Graduate Programs in Adult Education" (Phyllis Cunningham); "Senior Citizen Education in Korea: Current Status and Demands" (Ki-hyung Hong); "An Afrocentric Feminist Perspective on the Role of Adult Education for Diverse Communities" (Vanessa Sheared); "Adult Retraining in Canada: Some Issues" (Ki Su Kim); "Adult Education for a Multiethnic Community: Japan's Challenge" (Koichi Sasagawa); "Consideration of Selected Influences on Work Place Learning" (Gary Confessore et al.); "A Proposed Historiography of Adult Education" (Glenn Smith); and "Postmodernity and Continuing Education: Becoming Critical Learners" (Barry Down). Contains 19 references.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Case Studies, Continuing Education, Educational Environment

Smith, Michael Peter, Ed.; Feagin, Joe R., Ed. (1995). The Bubbling Cauldron. Race, Ethnicity, and the Urban Crisis. The essays in this collection provide a background for discussions about multiculturalism, cultural politics, and urban crises by illustrating the ways in which race is still a central source of meaning, identity, and power and why it is intensifying as a category, rather than diminishing. Selections include: (1) "Putting 'Race' in Its Place" (Michael Peter Smith and Joe R. Feagin); (2) "Dictatorship, Democracy, and Difference: The Historical Construction of Racial Identity" (Howard Winant); (3) "Who Are the 'Good Guys'? The Social Construction of the Vietnamese 'Other'" (Michael Peter Smith and Bernadette Tarallo); (4) "The Rising Significance of Status in U.S. Race Relations" (Martin Sanchez Jankowski); (5) "African American Entrepreneurship and Racial Discrimination: A Southern Metropolitan Case" (Michael Hodge and Joe R. Feagin); (6) "Black Ghettoization and Social Mobility" (Norman Fainstein); (7) "Historical Footprints: The Legacy of the School Desegregation Pioneers" (Leslie Baham Inniss); (8) "Retreat from Equal Opportunity? The Case of Affirmative Action" (Cedric Herring and Sharon M. Collins); (9) "Demobilization in the New Black Political Regime: Ideological Capitulation and Radical Failure in the Postsegregation Era" (Adolph Reed Jr.); (10) "The Real 'New World Order': The Globalization of Racial and Ethnic Relations in the Late Twentieth Century" (Nestor P. Rodriguez); (11) "The Effects of Transnational Culture, Economy, and Migration on Mixed Identity in Oaxacalifornia" (Michael Kearney); (12) "Models of Immigrant Integration in France and the United States: Signs of Convergence?" (Sophie Body-Gendrot); (13) "When the Melting Pot Boils Over: The Irish, Jews, Blacks, and Koreans of New York" (Roger Waldinger); (14) "Beyond 'Politics by Other Means'? Empowerment Strategies for Los Angeles' Asian Pacific Community" (Harold Brackman and Steven P. Erie); (15) "Political Capital and the Social Reproduction of Inequality in a Mexican Origin Community in Arizona" (Edward Murguia); and (16) "The Continuing Legacy of Discrimination in Southern Communities" (James W. Button). Descriptors: Asian Americans, Blacks, Democracy, Disadvantaged Youth

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. (1996). Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (79th, Anaheim, CA, August 10-13, 1996). International Communications Division. The international communications section of the Proceedings contains the following 14 papers: "Spinning Stories: Latin America and the World Wide Web" (Eliza Tanner); "Private-Enterprise Broadcasting and Accelerating Dependency: Case Studies from Nigeria and Uganda" (Folu Folarin Ogundimu); "The Transitional Media System of Post-Communist Bulgaria" (Ekaterina Ognianova); "Comparing Canadian and U.S. Press Coverage of the Gulf Crisis: The Effects of Ideology in an International Context" (James E. Mollenkopf and Nancy Brendlinger); "Privatization in Indian Telecommunications: A Pragmatic Solution to Socialist Inertia" (Divya C. McMillin); "'Caribscope'–A Forum for Development News?" (Lisa A. McClean); "Ideology and Market: The Political Economy of Russian Media Industry" (Soobum Lee); "The Construction of Cuba in 'The New York Times' and 'The Washington Post'" (William M. Kunz and Alan G. Stavitsky); "Globalization of Mass Communications in the West and East Asia: Towards a New East Asian Model of Mass Communications" (Min Soo Kim); "Agenda Setting in Japan: A Framework for Studying the Media and Politics" (Beverly Horvit); "Japanese and American Coverage of the 50th Anniversary of World War II: Different Stories for Different Audiences" (Koji Fuse and James E. Mueller); "David and Godzilla: Anti-Semitism and 'Seppuku' in Japanese Publishing" (Tom Brislin); "Burma or Myanmar? Determinants of Country-Name Usage by International Newspapers and News Agencies" (Carolyn J. Davis); and "The Impact of Cultural and Market Distance on International Advertising: A Content Analysis of Ad Appeals in Ads from US, Japan and Korea" (Yoo-Kyung Kim and Hao-chieh Chang). Individual papers contain references.   [More]  Descriptors: Advertising, Agenda Setting, Anti Semitism, Case Studies

Brislin, Richard W., Ed.; Hamnett, Michael P., Ed. (1977). Topics in Culture Learning, Volume 5. The first section of this volume includes articles on cross-cultural teaching: "Mau Piailug's Navigation of Hokule'a from Hawaii to Tahiti," by David Lewis; "The New World Order and the Globalization of Social Science: Some Implications for Teaching Cross-Culturally," by Amarjit Singh; "Ponape: Cross-Cultural Contact, Formal Schooling, and Foreign Dominance in Micronesia," by Nat Coletta; "Effects of Motivational and Employment Programs on Scholastic Behavior among Students from Economically Disadvantaged Groups," by Carl LaPointe; "In a Jerusalem Ulpan," by Cynthia Pincus; "Sociolinguistic Competence and Second Language Learning," by Janet Holmes and Dorothy Brown; "Popular Culture in Cross-Cultural Perspective," by Margaret King; "Teaching the Teachers of Hawaiian Children: Training and Consultation Strategies," by Junko Tanaka-Matsumi and Roland G. Tharp; and "Culture and the Role of Client Expectancy in Psychotherapy," by Howard Higginbotham. The second section focuses on investigative strategies in cross-cultural empirical research: "Some Epistemological and Methodological Issues in the Design of Cross-Cultural Research," by B. James Starr and Suzanne Wilson; "Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Cross-Cultural Research," Social Science Research," by Norman Dinges; "Organizing for Cross-Cultural Research," by Eleanor Elequin; "Limitations of Anthropological Field Work," by Anne-Katrin Eckermann; and "Cross-Cultural Comparisons of Anxiety: Methdological Problems," by Sagar Sharma. Descriptors: Anthropology, Anxiety, Cross Cultural Studies, Cross Cultural Training

Garcia, Eugene E. (1996). Children of La Frontera. Foreword. The linguistic and cultural diversity of America's school population has increased dramatically during the past decade, and is expected to increase even more in the future. But, for many children of immigrant and minority families, U.S. education is not a successful experience. One fourth of African Americans, one third of Hispanics, one half of Native Americans, and two thirds of immigrant students drop out of school, compared to one tenth of non-Hispanic White students. Confronted with this dismal reality, educators, parents, and policy makers urge change. Changes might be needed but will be meaningless unless we begin to think differently about these students–to view them in new ways that may contradict conventional notions and to recognize their needs. This is particularly the case for educators and communities along "la frontera," an extensive geographic region along the Mexican-U.S. border that is a significant social and economic zone distinct from either nation. It would be helpful for educators to realize that: (1) low, not high, levels of immigration are unusual for the United States, and today's kindergartners will experience increasing diversity over their lifetimes; (2) "la frontera" has always been multicultural and multilingual; (3) changing labor markets and the globalization of the economy indicate that past ways of preparing students for employment may not work now; (4) defining students of "la frontera" as limited-English-speaking masks their diversity of language, culture, and educational experience; (5) assimilation doesn't equal success along "la frontera"; and (6) these children will change American society.   [More]  Descriptors: Acculturation, Education Work Relationship, Elementary Secondary Education, Immigrants

Johnson, Nan E., Ed.; Wang, Ching-li, Ed. (1997). Changing Rural Social Systems: Adaptation and Survival. This book includes studies of globalization-related social changes in rural areas of the United States and other countries and implications of these studies for sociological theory. Although no chapter focuses exclusively on education, education-related themes include rural school dropouts and intergenerational poverty, the migration of rural youth to urban areas in search of employment and opportunity, relating rural poverty to human capital (educational attainment) versus structural factors, rural occupational change and its effects on rural families, the effects of rural population growth on school systems, migration patterns of school-leavers in Ireland, and community identity as a factor in rural development. Chapters are: (1) "Introduction" (Nan E. Johnson); (2) "The Poor in Nonmetropolitan America" (William P. O'Hare); (3) "Mechanization in the Western Upper Peninsula Pulp-Logging Industry" (Jon H. Rieger); (4) "Development, Women's Work, and Economic Inequality in Rural Taiwan" (Rita S. Gallin); (5) "Inequality and the Emergence of Nonfarm Employment in Rwanda" (Daniel C. Clay, Theobald Kampayana, Jean Kayitsinga); (6) "Social and Economic Transformation in a Greek Farming Village" (George A. Daoutopoulos); (7) "Recent Population Change in Michigan's Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Areas" (Ching-li Wang); (8) "The Transmission of Information Regarding Population Change in a Rural County" (Richard W. Rathge); (9) "Fatal Farm Accidents in Michigan: Implications for Research and Policy" (Nan E. Johnson); (10) "Irish Rural-Urban Migration: Post-1960 Changes" (Damian F. Hannan); (11) "Changing Rural Communities: Reconstructing the Local Economy of a Nonmetropolitan Community" (Marilyn W. Aronoff); (12) "Social Change and Dress among the Kalabari of Nigeria" (Joanne Bubolz Eicher); and (13) "The Call of the Sugar Cane: Agricultural Change, Cooperative-Capitalism, and Migrants in Northwestern Uruguay" (Gaston J. Labadie). Contains references in each chapter. Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Patterns, Farmers, Foreign Countries

Friedel, J. N., Ed. (1992). An Environmental Scan Update, 1992-93. 2020: Perfect Vision for the Next Century, An Environmental Scan Update. A key component to Eastern Iowa Community College District's (EICCD) strategic planning process, called "2020 Vision: A Perfect Vision for the Future," was the publication of the report "An Environmental Scan" in 1989, which summarized major trends occurring in the external environment which may impact the community college, the industries and communities it serves, and social, economic, and political structures and processes. It summarized these trends, events, and issues in five broad categories: (1) the changing population and demographics; (2) the changing workforce; (3) political, societal, and ecological changes; (4) changing technologies and the information explosion; and (5) the world economy. In September 1991, the EICCD began publishing updates to the Scan, each addressing a specific theme and summarizing events, trends, and projections affecting the district. The 2 volumes presented here contain a combined total of 19 updates. The following topics are addressed in volume 1: (1) Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)–global spread and implications for health care; (2) health care–the crisis in rural medical care, alternative care, and national trends; (3) health services–growth areas and employment prospects; (4) jobs–business trends, fast growing jobs, economic trends, educational requirements; (5) the American political scene–implications for community colleges; (6) new information and technology–information technology and technology transfer; (7) computer technology; (8) employment prospects for computer technology personnel; (9) the Iowa economy–largest employers in the state, wages, Iowa's goods- and service-producing industries; and (10) health occupations–EICCD's service area, and national health occupations. Topics covered in volume 2 concern: (1) the most important issues facing the EICCD–political changes, educational challenges, job skills of the future, globalization, work force and demographic changes, health and health care, societal issues, volunteerism; (2) kindergarten through 12th grade education–high school graduation rates, illiteracy, drugs and violence, funding; (3) the global population–family planning, population growth and the environment, primary health care needs, gap between rich and poor, refugees; (4) the national population–1990 census data, immigration and state population projections; (5) the Midwest and Iowa populations; (6) the population and demographics of EICCD's service area; (7) Iowa's economic and employment future; (8) the United States economy–job markets, defense industry, environmental protection; and (9) the restructuring of the American workforce–temporary workers, joblessness, stress, and standards of living. In both volumes, references are listed with each update.   [More]  Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Allied Health Occupations Education, College Planning, Community Colleges

Meyn, Hermann (1991). Update on Germany: Now Eastern Germany Gets a Free Press. Special Report SO 8, 1991. Since the former East German Communist State–the German Democratic Republic (GDR)–was incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany, the federal constitution has been valid throughout the whole of Germany, guaranteeing press freedom and ending press censorship in eastern Germany. In October 1989, the GDR had 39 daily newspapers (many published by the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), 31 weekly papers and illustrated magazines, over 500 technical and specialized periodicals, and over 600 church papers and factory newspapers. A system of guidance and control by the SED rendered direct censorship unnecessary since, as a matter of course, the press published only what was acceptable to the SED. The period between October 1989 and October 1990 is seen in retrospect to have been a time of great experimentation and freedom for the press. Less than 2 years after the democratic transformation of the GDR, the structural shape of the West German press has become entrenched in most parts of the five new federal states: there are only a few supra-regional newspapers; the regional press has established a strong position; there is virtually no party press; and the press has become "concentrated" as mergers between publishing chains continue and as competition forces some newspapers and periodicals out of business. The large West German publishing concerns are likely to gain the edge on the market in eastern Germany. At the same time, foreign multi-media concerns have gained a foothold in the new federal states. This increasing globalization of the mass media (especially regarding former communist states) is of concern and interest to media students. (One table of data is included.) Descriptors: Censorship, Economic Change, Foreign Countries, Freedom of Speech

Vinding, Diana, Ed. (1998). Indigenous Women: The Right to a Voice. IWGIA Document No. 88. This document contains 29 articles on the problems of indigenous women in a rapidly changing world, their unequal access to knowledge and resources, and their efforts to take an active role in solving those problems. The articles are arranged into nine chapters: Keeping Traditions Alive; Changing Gender Roles; The Struggle for Self-Determination and Human Rights; The Challenge of Modern Changes; Confronting the "New World Order"; Getting Organised and Participating; Networking and Building Solidarity; Epilogue; and The 1995 Beijing Declaration of Indigenous Women. Individual articles are: "The Arhuacan Woman: Our Life Is Our Art" (Leonor Zalabata); "Maori Women and Natural Resource Management: Towards a Sustainable Future" (Elizabeth McKinley); "Healthy Communities, Healthy Women: Society and Gender in the Andes" (Wara Alderete); "Changes in Women's Status in Micronesia: An Anthropological Approach" (Beatriz Moral); "Finding the Balance: Between Ethnicity and Gender among Inuit in Artic Canada" (Helle Hogh); "The Chamoru and Guam" (Ulla Hasager); "Inside Out" (C. T. Perez); "Thieves" (Anne Perez Hattori); "The Batwa Women of Rwanda: Confronting Discrimination" (Claudine Mukamakombe, Clotilde Musabeyezu, Pulcherie Umubyeyi, Elyvanie Kamondo); "Pakeha Land Legislation in Aotearoa: The Continuous Resistance by Maori Women" (Moana Sinclair); "Women Ask for Peace and Justice on Bougainville" (Daphne Zale); "Naga Women: A Struggle for Human Rights" (Shimreichon Luithui); "Hill Tribe Women of Thailand: Where To Turn Now?" (Anchalee Phonklieng); "Indigenous Women in Indonesia: A Portrait" (Arimbi H.P.); "Indigenous Ukpiovwin Women of Delta State, Nigeria: The Challenge of Development" (Mabel I. E. Tobrise); "Wines and Spirits: The Issue of Alcoholism and the Cordillera Women" (Bernice A. See); "Wildlife Tourism and Its Impact on Indigenous Maasai Women in East Africa" (Naomi Kipuri); "The 'New World Order' and Indigenous Women: The Case of the Okanagan People, Canada" (Jeanette Armstrong); "Globalization and Its Impacts on Indigenous Women: The Philippine Case" (Victoria Tauli-Corpuz); "Tuareg Women Refugees: How We Created Tin Hinane" (Saoudata Aboubacrine); "Guarani Women Fight for Democracy" (Cecilia Bulens); "Weaving and Goat-Breeding Help Izozog Women To Organise" (Annie Oehlerich); "Women Should Not Always Stay at Home: Interview with Two Amerindian Women from French Guyana" (Henriette Rasmussen); "Tribal Women in Uttar Pradesh: Challenging the Panchayat System" (Diana Vinding); "Greenland's Women Want To Take the Lead" (Henriette Rasmussen); "Women Solidarity across Borders: Interview with Two Sami Women" (Claus Oreskov); "For the Right to a Voice and To Be Free: Building Our Own Identity" (Nellys Palomo); "Pacific Women: Experiences with International Networking" (Lynette Cruz, Ulla Hasager); and "Women, Gender Studies and the International Indigenous Movement" (Inger Sjorslev). Contains references, maps, and photographs. Descriptors: Activism, American Indians, Canada Natives, Civil Liberties

Gross, Anna-Alice Dazzi, Ed.; Mondada, Lorenza, Ed. (1999). Les langues minoritaires en contexte; Minderheitensprachen im Kontext (Minority Languages in Context), Bulletin suisse de linguistique applique. Articles in Italian, English, French, and German address issues in minority languages and minority language groups. They include: "The Role of Italian in Some Changes in Walser Morphosyntax" (article in Italian); "Compensatory Linguistic Strategies in the Gradual Death Process of a Minority Language: Evidence from Some Dying Dialects of Basque"; "Cornish Lexicography in the Twentieth Century: Standardisation and Divergence"; "The Standardisation of Papiamentu: New Trends, Problems and Perspectives"; "Standardisation of Transnational Minority Languages in Asia: Lisu and Lahu"; "Grisons Romansch: Planning for Standardisation" (article in French); "Language Planning Project-SPELL" (article in German); "Language Standardization Seen from Minority and Majority Perspectives: Japanese Examples" (article in German); "The Occitan Language in the Aran Valley"; "Multilingual Communication from the Perspective of an Uncommon Language: Sorbian in Everyday Life in Lausitz" (article in German); "Literary Reactions to the Pressure of Purist Norms" (article in German); "'Linguistic Minority,' A Basic Conception of Swiss Language Politics" (article in German); "Where Does the Notion of Minority Language Begin and End? From Dialect Families to 'Neo-languages'" (article in French); "Language Awareness Activities and Introduction to Languages at School: How to Take Minority Languages into Account" (article in French); "Bilingualism or Bilingual Support? Ethnic Minority Bilingual Children in English Primary Schools"; "On the Efficiency of Immersion Classes in the Federal Romansch Schools in Switzerland: An Empirical Study" (article in German); "A Step Toward Questioning the Linguistic Statute of Our Community" (article in French); "Reactions to the Implementation of Projects with Bilingual Classes Beginning at Kindergarten and Elementary School Levels" (article in German); "Metalinguistic Reflection in a Minority Language: The Case of Creole for Reunion Island Children in France" (article in French); "The Speech Therapy Session as a Meeting Place for Majority and Minority Languages" (article in French); "Minority Languages: A View from Research on 'Language Crossing'"; "What Room for Freedom in the Linguistic Choices of the Portuguese Minority in Andorra?" (article in French); "Language Adoption: The Influence of Minority Languages on the Majority, or: Which Competencies in the Minority Languages Do Majority Speakers Have?" (article in German); "Taking the Floor: The Globalization and the Transformation of Identity-Related Discourse in a Linguistic Minority" (article in French); "Management of the Asymmetries and Effects of Minorisation in Multilingual Scientific Discussions" (article in French); "The Future of English in Switzerland: A Majority/Minority Problem?"; and "Europanto: About a So-Called European Pidgin" (article in French).   [More]  Descriptors: Basque, Cultural Context, Elementary Secondary Education, English

Kemmerer, Frances N., Ed.; Windham, Douglas M., Ed. (1997). Incentives Analysis and Individual Decision Making in the Planning of Education. This UNESCO-sponsored report explores the value of applying incentive-based management concepts to educational planning. There is a continuing need for macro-educational planning if overall system coordination, coherence, efficiency, and equity are to be ensured. Chapter 1, "Incentive Concepts and Macro-Educational Planning," reviews key concepts and literature from the field. Chapter 2, "The New Educational Environment: Planning and Participation," describes recent changes in education, including globalization, financial constraints, and increasing demands. Chapter 3, "Behavioral Incentives in Educational Management," reviews the empirical record of incentives. Chapter 4, "State/Local Partnerships in Financing Basic and Secondary Education," describes the appropriate roles of state and local factors in financing through grant-in-aid schemes. Chapter 5, "Incentives for Public Higher Education," introduces a theoretical framework and reviews the experiences of recent programs. Chapter 6, "Developing a Participatory Framework for Local Teacher Incentives," describes the school-based provision of incentives for performance. Chapter 7, "Incentives for Student Learning Achievement," describes the macro-educational basis for the use of incentives to enhance learning. Chapter 8, "Incentives in Special Education," considers incentives systems in special education and offers policy recommendations. Chapter 9, "Creating an Environment for Informed Individual Choice: The Role of the Central Authorities," explains the informational and policy role of the state in incentive-based planning. Chapter 10, "Linking Information to Incentives," reviews the linkages between information and incentives in relation to the roles played by central and individual decision makers. Chapter 11, "Applying Incentive Concepts in Educational Planning," summarizes key conclusions of the report, regarding the new educational environment, the use of different types of incentives at different educational levels, and their potential to provide a more efficient and equitable decision-making structure. Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Development, Educational Planning, Educational Policy

Thompson, Gordon; Lamble, Wayne; Lauzon, Allan C. (2000). Reconceptualizing University Extension and Public Service. [and] University Extension and Public Service in the Age of Economic Globalization: A Response to Thompson and Lamble, Canadian Journal of University Continuing Education. Thompson and Lamble describe the evolution, role, and characteristics of university extension, identifying uncertainty and confusion about the field. They compare community and instructional orientations and synthesize concepts of extension and public service. Lauzon's response suggests the need to account for the changing context of university extension. Descriptors: College Role, Extension Education, Higher Education, Outreach Programs

Howley, Craig B. (1997). Studying the Rural in Education: Nation-Building, "Globalization," and School Improvement, Education Policy Analysis Archives. Nation-building, partly through systems of schooling, has done more to debase than improve rural circumstances. Rural education needs a logic of improvement that differs from that applied so far. Some sources are suggested that might help in the development of real rural educational improvement. Descriptors: Developing Nations, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Change, Educational Improvement

Deupree, John, Ed.; Lenn, Marjorie Peace, Ed. (1997). Ambassadors of U.S. Higher Education: Quality Credit-Bearing Programs Abroad. This collection of essays presents a set of standards to be considered for use in the delivery of U.S. credit-abroad programs and is designed to serve as a primer for institutions considering the development of such standards. The essays include: (1) "Introduction: A Growing Trend in Educational Delivery" (John Deupree), which discusses the growth of foreign programs offered by American-based colleges and universities; (2) "Higher Education and the Global Market: The Quality Imperative" (Marjorie Peace Lenn), which examines the global context of such programs and the development of quality standards; (3) "Institutional Accreditation and the International Offering of Credit-Bearing Courses and Degree Programs" (Steven D. Crow), which reviews the role of accrediting agencies in monitoring foreign campuses and programs of American institutions; (4) "International Considerations in Program Accreditation" (John Maudlin-Jeronimo), which examines international accreditation initiatives; (5) "Case Study: Maintaining and Controlling Academic Standards at U.S. Branch Campuses in Japan" (Jared H. Dorn), which focuses on Southern Illinois University at Carbondale's campus in Niigata, Japan; (6) "Case Study: A Twinning Program in Malaysia: Lessons from the Field" (Charles Reafsnyder), which reports on the experiences of Indiana University in Malaysia; (7) "The Value of Standards Within the Home Institutional Setting" (John H. Yopp and Rhonda Vinson), which focuses on Southern Illinois University at Carbondale's international programs; (8) "A Voluntary Presentation of Standards for U.S. Institutions Offering Credit-Bearing Programs Abroad"; and (9) "Postlude: University Education Enters a Fourth Dimension" (Philip J. Palin), which examines the globalization of higher education. Two appendixes provide lists of symposium participants and reference sources for international educational program standards. Descriptors: Academic Standards, Accreditation (Institutions), Case Studies, Colleges

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